Understanding Memory Loss: What To Do When You Have Trouble Remembering

Words to know

Alzheimer’s disease

(pronounced Allz-high-merz duh-zeez)

A disease that causes large numbers of nerve cells in the brain to die. These changes make it hard for a person to remember things, have clear thinking, and make good judgments. The symptoms begin slowly and get worse over time.

Brain scan

A type of test that shows pictures of normal and problem areas of the brain.

Mild cognitive impairment

(pronounced mild kog-ni-tiv im-pair-ment)

Also called MCI. It is a medical condition that causes people to have more memory problems than other people their age. The signs of MCI are not as severe as those of Alzheimer's disease. They include losing things often, forgetting to go to events and appointments, and having more trouble coming up with the right words than other people the same age.

Vascular dementia

(pronounced vas-kue-ler duh-men-shuh)

A medical condition caused by strokes or changes in the brain’s blood supply. Signs can appear suddenly. These signs include changes in memory, language, thinking skills, and mood.

Publication Date: May 2013
Page Last Updated: October 22, 2015