The NIA asked the National Academy of Sciences, Committee on Population, to hold an expert meeting to discuss the National Long Term Care Survey (NLTCS) and to consider future options for the survey. There was general support for continuing to address long-term care and disability questions from both academic and policy quarters. However, the discussion raised a number of issues for further consideration, including the advisability of collecting biomarkers and associated implementation strategies, increasing the periodicity, collecting more detailed data on the living arrangements of older adults with chronic disability, collecting information to understand the environmental components of disability separate from the functional components, and adding to the screener questions to collect more information about individuals without chronic disability (frequently called screen-outs) in order to better assess incidence. The meeting also raised the visibility of the contributions of the NLTCS in the policy arena. A follow-up expert meeting was held on February 14, 2006.